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Dilma Rousseff is the new President of Brazil.

Today, Dilma Rousseff will become President of Brazil.

Dilma Rousseff, an economist who was active in a guerrilla movement in her youth, received this evening the Presidency of Brazil of the hands of Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, the most popular President of Brazil’s recent history.

Rousseff, 63, is expected to sign the oath that makes her the President number 36 since the proclamation of the republic in 1889 at 14.30 local time (1630 GMT) at a ceremony in Congress, where she will deliver the speech that will outline broad goals of what will be her four years in power.

Two hours later, she must go to nearby Planalto Palace, seat of the presidency, in the capital Brazilia, to receive the presidency from outgoing president and then name the new 34 ministers of her cabinet.

The new president comes to power with a mandate to strengthen the economic stability that kept the Lula government, threatened by inflationary pressures and increased public spending in recent years to stimulate the economy against the global crisis.

At the same time, should enhance the social policies that helped give Lula the 87% approval rating enjoyed by several polls.

The Brazilian economy projected to grow 7.5% in 2010, unemployment reached the lrecord owest level of 5.7% and 28 million people escaped from poverty in the eight years of the Lula government.