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Obama in El Salvador will find a region plagued by murder and drug trafficking.

In El Salvador in 2010, members of the Maras gang burned a bus and killed 17 people. Allegedly the order to this crime was given by a jailed Maras gang leader in the U.S.

The U.S. president prepares to visit the region with the highest global rate of homicides, according to the UN, and one of the “preferred route” for drug cartels that ship drugs into the U.S.

Central American governments say they are making efforts to fight crime that plagues the region, despite this, the facts show that crime has gone well beyond government capacities.
The so called “Northern Triangle” countries, consisting of Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador suffered from several years ago, an epidemic of murders that they fail to contain even by putting the armies on the streets.
Honduras has come to fit 14 murders a day, while El Salvador, since early March 2010 has reached 16 murders per day, and the drug trade has made Central America one of “preferred routes” to remit drugs into the United States. The U.S. has increased their consumption of illegal drugs, like cocaine, since 2009.
With regard to drug trafficking,  the regional representative to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), Antonio Luigi Mazzitelli warned that the drug may make the countries of the region as “Little Mexico.”
“None of the countries of Central America is immune to the presence of Mexican criminal groups like the Zetas,” said Mazzitelli, who in mid-2010 also said the cartel Los Zetas were associating with gang members like the Maras Salvatrucha to seize more territories in Central America.
El Salvador, for several years have been testing various strategies to contain the high homicide rate, without any luck.

The salvadoran left called the previous governments as incompetents and they promised in his 2009 election campaign, to implement plans and effective strategies to solve the problem of insecurity.
When the new Funes government took office that year, they reinforced the police with military troops in an attempt to stop the killings escalate. But the results were the same or somewhat more serious, which is highlighted by the annual numbers of homicides caused by crime.
Last year closed with more than 4 000 murders and allegations that in El Salvador increasingly less cocaine was seized and captured, as informed by the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB), an autonomous agency of the United Nations Organization (UN)
The government took the army to patrol communities with high crime rates and then linked it to the security of penal institutions as the government said criminals continued their criminal activity even in jail because of corruption of government employees.
In El Salvador,  too many murders are related to traffic or local drug market.
On several occasions, the police and Public Security have said that many of the crimes are linked to gangs like the Maras, but do not rule out that many of these gang-related murders are linked to organized crime, illegal drug trafficking, territorial disputes over drug dealing or adjustment accounts between rival gangs.