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Knowing more about U.S. engagement in Mexico´s war on drugs.

NG-Global Hawk B20 Drone now operating in the U.S. mexican border

Lately, United States and Mexico have intensified their cooperation in the war on drugs.  American federal agents are now increasing the amount of joint operations with mexican authorities, like sharing information to arrest members of the cartels,  analyze drone information, seize drug shipments, get evidence to prosecute suspects, to extradite fugitives,  tracking vehicles, mobiles and weapons,  training prosecutors, investigators and police . Definitely, the american agents does not take part in direct operations like making arrests or pulling doors.

U.S. authorities give diplomatic  passports to all the agents who live and work in Mexico.  According to mexican regulations, these agents are prohibited from carrying weapons.

The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), has at least 60 agents in Mexico. In addition, Homeland Security has a lot of agents in Mexico, f.e. there are 40 agents of the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), 20 troops from the U.S. Marshals Service and 18 of the Bureau of Alcohol, Snuff, Firearms and Explosives. In the last three years the number of employees pertaining to the U.S. State Department that are assigned to Mexico rose from 19 to 69.  There are so many narcotics agents from the State Department that recently they moved from two entire floors of the U.S. Embassy in Mexico City to  a new building along with their Mexican counterparts. This is the second facility shared  in Mexico.

The United States sent a lot of equipment to Mexico, eight helicopters, 78 drug-sniffing dogs and 318 lie detectors to be used to combat corruption among the candidates for seats on the mexican security forces.

Americans also give advice to hundreds of lawyers and judges about the judicial process and have trained more than 6,700 soldiers and policemen, who were indoctrinated not to torture or taking bribes and put up with the use of technology to solve crimes.

The cooperation also works the other way and increasingly many Mexican agents are now working in the U.S. with the FBI, DEA and other law enforcement agencies.

The collaboration between Mexicans and Americans has yielded some concrete results in the past year:

– Fourteen of the most wanted drug lords were arrested or killed. In total, they have killed or arrested 20 of the 37 major criminals.

— Mexico extradited 94 suspects in 2011 and 107 in 2009, compared to 12 a decade ago.

– Between September 2009 and July 2010, Mexican judges found guilty of money laundering to 37 people, unlike the 17 that existed between 2004 and 2007.

Despite the increasing presence of Americans, the insecurity is growing in Mexico. The killings reached unprecedented levels and the cartels are producing more heroin and marijuana that are exported to the United States.

Another interesting development are the production of cocaine. The seizure of cocaine in Mexico has halved in 2010, from 20 metric tons in 2009 to 9.4 metric tons in 2010.  Meanwhile the pressure exerted on the cartels in Mexico had a consequence and the cartels are now moving to Central America, where three times more cocaine than in Mexico has been confiscated in 2010.

On the other hand, U.S. authorities fail to stop the trafficking of weapons, projectiles and cash flowing from the U.S. to Mexico.  It is estimated that every day into Mexico some 2,000 weapons. The now stopped covert operation “Fast and Furious” is an example of american total failure in this field.