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Around 30% of european cocaine smuggled from Colombia using the “african connection”.

Western Africa is the main cocaine connection into Europe

Spain remains being the hub for cocaine smuggling into Europe.

Also Spain tops european statistics of cocaine use, while around 1600 spaniards remain imprisoned abroad for drug-related crimes.

Experts say the price of cocaine sold on European streets has not increased and has remained stable during 2010,  indicating that the supply is meeting demand and that the European authorities in 2010 have not been successful in reducing the smuggling of cocaine to Europe.

The UNODC (United Nations Office specialized in fighting international criminal activities) has said that 3 of every 10 kilos of cocaine that are produced in Colombia, Peru and Bolivia (COPEBO area) are being smuggled into Europe using the “african connection” across West Africa via countries like Nigeria, Liberia , Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Sierra Leone, Guinea Conakry,  Mali, Senegal and Mauritania.

Another country that is used as a connection between South American cocaine and the western african cartels is Cape Verde. The Republic of Cape Verde ( Portuguese Cabo Verde) is an island country. spanning an archipelago of 10 islands located in the central Atlantic Ocean, 570 kilometres off the coast of  Western Africa.

The region of COBEPO produce around 1000 tons of cocaine per year.
International drug trafficking organizations may have connections to high levels within governments, police and armed forces of those african countries. Much of this organized crime is operated by Latin American drug traffickers, mainly Colombians.
If the situation does not improve, some of these african countries – some of the already affected by civil war-  would become narco-states, as might be the case in Guinea Bissau.

This requires more information and better intelligence on drug trafficking routes from South America.  Now a new route for the cocaine smugglers could be from Central America directly to the U.S. avoiding the mexican “war on drugs”.

For now, the four main routes of trafficking of Colombian cocaine are:

a) across the Mexican border through Central America
b) to the U.S. via the Caribbean .
c) directly to Europe via Venezuela and Brazil
d) indirectly to Europe via West Africa

The focus made on the mexican connection, shadowed the other “flourishing” three routes. Maybe that is the idea of the narco strategists.